Bacteria are a single cell life form. Each individual cell is a separate, unique organism. Bacteria consume organic waste matter and break down to the simplest of compounds like carbon dioxide and water. This is a process known as bacterial digestion. Bacteria can migrate to areas that are rich in specific organic waste matter to feed and sustain life. Bacteria can also attach themselves to surfaces.
Bacteria are capable of producing a multitude of enzymes and enzyme types to degrade a wide variety of organic materials. Bacteria can produce a complete “team” of enzymes that are necessary to degrade and consume the organic materials required at any given time. More impressive and important; bacteria can produce multiple “teams” of enzymes at the same time.
There are thousands of bacteria. Some bacteria are only found in unique environments; require specialized types of food, and/or have very unique biological roles.
Bacteria can be classified into:
- Aerobic (require oxygen to live)
- Anaerobic (do not require oxygen to live)
- Facultative (thrive under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions)
A mature bacteria reproduces by dividing into two cells, each identical to each other and the parent bacteria. This process is known as cell division. Bacteria can reproduce very rapidly, producing a new generation every 15 to 30 minutes. This population does not increase forever, as, at some point, all the organic waste will be consumed and therefore the food source is depleted.
Colonies of bacteria are factories for the production of enzymes. Enzymes do not reproduce. Bacterial digestion is the process of bacteria, consuming organic matter. The enzymes produced by the bacteria will be appropriate to the substrate in which the enzyme attaches to. Enzymes break down the complex organic waste so the bacteria can break it down farther and consume it. The bacteria will produce more enzymes continuing the cycle until the food source, the organic waste, is all consumed. It is an automated, regulated production of the appropriate enzyme for the cleansing of the organic material. PROVIDED you have the correct bacterial strains to begin with.